Care for people with chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition characterised by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. Around 1.9 million people in England have been diagnosed with moderate to severe CKD (stages 3-5), although it is thought that many more are undiagnosed. The annual costs to the NHS of caring for people with stage 3-5 CKD have been estimated as around £1.5 billion (Kerr 2012). People with stage 5 CKD experience end stage renal failure and will either require a kidney transplant or regular sessions of dialysis. Patients with CKD can readily be identified if pathology labs estimate GFR when they measure creatinine and there is strong evidence that good blood pressure control in patients with CKD alters their outcome.
Some of the data reported here have been supplied by the UK Renal Registry of the Renal Association. The interpretation and reporting of these data are the responsibility of the authors and in no way should be seen as an official policy or interpretation of the UK Renal Registry or the Renal Association.