Patient reported outcomes for elective surgery
Patients choose to undergo elective surgery in the hope that their condition will improve. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) capture the effectiveness of surgery from a patient's perspective by asking them about their health before and after their surgery. Here we look at PROMs for elective hip and knee replacements, groin hernia and varicose vein operations.
5D descriptive system and the EQ-5D visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS). The EQ-5D descriptive system comprises the following five dimensions: i) Mobility ii) Self-care, eg washing and dressing iii) Usual activities, eg work, study, housework, family or leisure activities iv) Pain/discomfort v) Anxiety/depression. Each dimension has three levels: no problems, some problems, severe problems. The EQ-VAS consists of a simple scale, from 0 to 100, presented in a simple linear format. Respondents are asked to rate their health state by marking the scale at the relevant point, with zero being the worst and one hundred being the best state.
Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ) is a condition-specific questionnaire that measures health status for patients with varicose veins. The questionnaire, designed in 1993, consists of 13 questions relating to key aspects of the problem of varicose veins.
Oxford Hip Scores and Oxford Knee Scores (OHS and OKS) are joint-specific outcome measure tools designed to assess symptoms and function in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery. The scores comprise 12 multiple choice questions relating to the patient’s experience of pain, ease of joint movement and ease of undertaking normal domestic activities such as walking or climbing stairs.